IPO Kya Hota Hai Aur Kyo Issue Kiya Jata Hai Hindi Me

IPO KYA HAI

 IPO – Initial public offer

  • IPO aur public Issue dono ek hi chij hoti hai. Koi bhi company apna proposal rakhyti hai ki ap aaiye aur hamari company me paisa lagaiye. aur company ye offer tab deti hai jab usse apne business me paise ki jarurat hoti hai.
  • Company ye offer de usse phale bhi ye company  koi na koi chala raha hai. aur jo is company ko chlate hai. To usne is compnay me jitna investment kiya hai phali baar me usse hum log promoter bolte hai. Ho skta hai kuch private equity ke investor ho. Jab unhe lagta ki company ko aage badhana hai share market me listed karna ya trade karna hai. To wo fir kya karte hai. Issue lane ki kosish karte hain. Aur wo issue kisi bhi investor ke liye ho skta hai. Jinhe paisa lagna ho aur ishi ko hum public issue bolte hain. Aur ye share public ko issue kiye jate hain. Iska yeh matlab hai ki company ke share ko aam public ko buy karne ka mauka de rahi hai. Aur aap IPO buy karne se aap company me ek partner (hissedar) ban jate hain.

IPO kya hota hai

Jab company phalli baar share issue karti hai to usse IPO bolte hain.

FPO – IPO ke baad kuch shaal baad company fir se public offer lati hai to usse FPO khate hain.

FPO – Follow –on policy offer

IPO KO LAANE KA KYA REASON HAI

  • FPO ushi company ka hota hai jo pahle IPO la chuki hai.
  • FPO listing ke baad ata hai.
  • Jabki IPO ke sath company ke market me listing hoti hai.

SHARE HOLDING PATTERN KYA HOTA HAI

Listing ke baad kitne share kiske pass hai iska lekha-jokha share holding pattern se pta chlta hai. SEBI ke rule ke mutabik minimum 25% share aam investors ke pass hona jaruri hai. kyoki rule ke hisab se share me 25% liquidity hona jaruri hai. agar apko share holder banana hai. To minimum 1 share apke pass hona jaruri hai. SEBI ne ek rule banaya hai ki, SEBI bolti hai ki agar apko IPO lana hai. To,

EX-APKI KE PASS PRESENT TIME ME 100 RUPEES HAI, AUR AAP ISSU LATE HAI. 50 RUPEES KA TO ISSU KE BAAD APKA PAISA 150 RUPESS HO JAYE GA.

Jitni apke pass paisa hai. Issue ke baad ,To apki bhada hua paise ka minimum 25% share, share holder ke pass hona chaiye. Promoter ko chodkar aur purane logo ko chodkar aisa isliye bolti hai. Ki koi bhi promoter aisa bolta hai ki mai keval 1% equity ke share ka issu lauga. Aur 99 % apne pass rakhuga. To fir kya hoga ki share ki value kuch bhi kar do aap aur 1% hi share pa rhe hai. To logo ko buy karna aur sell karna hoga to liquidity nhi hogi. To fir fayda kya hoga public issue lane ka. Aur isliye ye rule sabhi company , government sector, private sector, public sector sabhi ke liye rule follow hota hai. company bolti hai ki minimum 25% apke share, share holder pass hone chaiye.

PRICE BAND KYA HAI

SEBI ke mutabik public issue ki amount investor khud tya karega Aur company kaheti hai ki price band de do. Ab price band me kya hota hai ki ek dayre me aapko issue ki price banani hoti hai aur ye dayara hota hai 20% ka. Iska matlab ye hota hai ki uppar ki aur niche ki band me 20% se jyade ka difference nhi hona chahiye. Price band ka decision promoters aur bank merchant karte hain.

ANKER INVESTORS KOUN HAIN

  • Anker investors se matlab aise investor se hai jo lambe time tak invest karte hain.
  • Anker investors ke liye khas baat hai ki issue shuru hone ke phale unko shares mil jate hain.
  • Anker investors institutional investor hote hai jaise mutual fund, FIIO-s bank sector.
  • Anker investor se hi IPO me big investors ki dilchaspi ka pta chalta hai.
  • IPO me 2 lakh rupees tak lagane wale retail investors kahlate hain.
  • IPO me investors ki category
  1. QIB
  2. RETAIL
  3. HNI

Apko ye mera post kaisa laga. agar apko ye post se related koi bhi jankari chaiye to aap mujhe comment kre ya mail bhi kar sakte hai. aur isse aap jarur share kare.

Mypaisaguru@gmail.com

Thank you friends.

2 thoughts on “IPO Kya Hota Hai Aur Kyo Issue Kiya Jata Hai Hindi Me

  1. nitesh

    IPO sbko share milte h jaise Maine aj Cochin shipyard ke IPO me 1 lot ki bid lagayi hai to mujhe share milega ya nhi

    Reply
    1. satyam Post author

      SORRY FRIEND MAI KISI KAAM SE OUT OF STATION GYA HUA THA. AUR MAI APKO ISKE BARE ME JAANKARI NHI DE PAYA. WAISE IS TIME COCHIN SHIPYARD KI LISTING HO CHUKI HAI TO AAP MONEY CONTROL KI SITE PE JA KE DHEK SAKTE HAI.
      THANK YOU.

      Reply

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