Business Plan kya hota hai? kaise apne business ko plan kare hindi me

Business Plan kya hota hai

Business plan ek aisa document hai jo kisi se related kya kyo aur kaise jaise question ka answer deta hai. Hum ye business kyo kar rhe hai. Aur kaise kare ge.

Ek business plan kisi business ko uske objective ko uski stretegies ko wok is market me kaam kar rha hai. Aur uske financial forecat kya hai batata hai. Business plan ka goal kya hai. Aur use kaise achive kiya jayega. Business plan ek trahe se kisi ke guide ya business ya roadmap ki trahe hai. Jo chejo ko track par rakhne me help karta hai.

Hum log business plan kisi naye venture ke liye banaya jta hai lekin agar koi exjecting business kuch naya kar rha hai. To wo bhi business plan bana kar aage badhata hai.

Friends jab koi naya business suru karta hai. To jarur usko lekar planning karta hai. Wo sochta hai ki mera kya hoga? Mai kaha se business karuga? Mara customer koun hoga? Isme investment kitni lagegi? Hum log apne business ki marketing kaise karege? Hamara target kya hoga? Busines plan issi ko formally document kakarna hia.

Business plan bus startup hi nhi banati balki established businesses bhi kisi bhi stage par ek bussines plan bana sakte hai. Khas taur par jab unhe apna business expand karne ke liye feeding ki jarurt ho.

 

Business plan ki kya jarurt hai

Busines paln apke goals pe focus rakhne me help karta hai.

Ek accha business plan ye btata hai ki:

  • Agle 2-3 years me apke key objective kya-kya hoge?
  • Une objective ko achive karne ke liye apki strategy kya hogi aur apki priorties kya hogi?

In chejo ke anusar aap kisi bhi time evaluate kar sakte hai. Ki aap jis direction me bad rhe hai wo shi hia ya apna course change karne ki jarurat hai.

Bhaut se log ye sochte hai ki business plan ka role bas external funding lene me hota hai. Of course potential investors,bank,venture,capitalist apke idea me paisa lgane se phale plan jarur maagte hai. Lekin agar aap self-funded hai to bhi apko business plan jarur bana chaiye. Aisa karne ka sabse bada fayda hai ki apke khud ke mind me clarity aati hai ki exactly aap kya aur kaise karne chate hai.

Niche diye gye instiutions ya log apse business plan maag sakte hai:

  • Banks
  • External investors- venture capitalist firm ya koi business angle ya individual investors
  • Kisi trahe ki grant dene wale
  • Apka busines buy karne me instreted log
  • Aisa waykti ya log jo apke business partner banna chate hai.
  • Government agencies ya office.
  • Busines paln business ka overview dene aur aap kaisa perform kar rhe hai, ye demonstrate karne ke liye bahut accha tool hai.

business model

Business plan kaise banaye:

Busines plan bnane ke liye niche bataye gye template ka use kare.

Kaise banaye ek business plan?

Amtaur pe kisi business plan me kai section hote hai.

share market kya hai

mutual fund kya hai

GST kya hai

  • Executive summary:-

Executive summary apni puri yojana ke important point hai. Isme business ke plan ke baki section ki important bate include hoti hai. Isme business opportunity ke key features se lekar financial forecast ki importanr bate batiyi jati hai.

Agar executive summsry phane ke baad koi ye smujh leta hai ki busines kis ke bare me hai aur iske bare me aur jayde janana chata hai to smujhye executive summary ne apna kaam kar diya hai.

Exccutive summary bahut lambi nhi honi chaiye. Sath hi kosish karni chiaye ki ye rochak bhi ho taki potential investors isse padh kar aage jana chiaye.

  • Introduction and company overview

business opportunity ka chota sa description aap koun hai, aap kya sell ya offer karne ka plan kar rhe hai, kyo aur kise.

Busines ke overview ke sath suru kare:

  • Apne busines kab suru kiya ya lab se suru karne ka plan kar rhe hai.
  • Ab tak kitna investment kiya ja chukka hai.
  • Kitni progress hui hai.
  • Apka business kis type ka hai aur kis sector me ata hai.
  • Koi history- jaise ki yadi apne ye business kisi se buy kiya, to phale iska owner koun tha aur usne isse kya hasil kiya.
  • Is time legal structure.
  • Apka future vision.

Iske baad apne products aur services ko easy word me batiye aur samjhaiye ki:

  1. ise kya alag baat hai.
  2. Ye kya benefits deta hai.
  3. Kyu customers anya competitors ki bajaye aapse ise kharidenge.
  4. Aap apne products ya services ko kaise develop karne ki yojana bna rhe hain
  5. Kya aapse pass koi patent ,trade marks ya design registration hain.
  6. Aapki industry ke key features aur success factors kya kya hain.

Apna busines samjhane me business jargons ka prayog mat kariye, saral sabdon me apni baat rakhiye taki ek aam inshan bhi chijo ko ache se samjh sake.

  • Market and compettitors

Is section me aapko apna baazar, usme aapki position aur apne competitors ko design karna chahiye. Aise karne ke liye aap market research jo aapne ki ho uska reference de skte hain. Isme aapko ye darshana hota hai ki aapko jis market me kaam karna h uski aapko achhi samjh hai aur aap jaruri aur market conditions ko samjhte hain.

Isme aapko ye btanae ki koshish karni hoti hai pratispardhake bavjud aap customers ko attracts kar payenge aur apna business run kar payenge.

 

In chijon ko is section me rakha ja skta hai:

  • Aapko market uski size, uske development ki history, aur key current issues.
  • Apka target customer base-we koun hai. Aur aap kahe sakte hai ki we apke products aur services me interested hoge.
  • Apke competitors koun hai, why kaise kaam karte hai. Aur unka market share kitna hai.
  • Future me age chalkar is business me kya changes aa sakte hai aur aap uspar kaise react kare ge.

Apki ke compare me apne competitor ki strength aur weakness janana jaruri hai aur accha hoga ki aap apne main competitors ki competitor analysis kar le.

Maind karne wali baat hai ki market hmesa badlta rheta hai. Apke customers ki jarurte badl sakti hai aur apke competitor bhi badal sakte hai. Isliye apko in baato ko bhi mind me rakh kar aage badhna hoga.

  • Sales and marketing strategy:

Aap aisa kyo sochte hai ki aap jo sell karna chate hai. Ya jo service dena chate hai. We log kyo lege aur aap use kis trahe se customer tak puvhana chate hai.

Describe kariye ki aap apni product aur sevies ko promote aur sakle karne ke liye kya kya activies karge. Kasar ye kisi business plan ki weak point hoti hai isliye is pe time dena chaiye aur ek realistic aur achievable approach apnana chaiye.

Aapke plan ko in questions ka answer dena chahiye:

  • Aap kisi tarah apne product ya service ko market me position karne ka plan kar rhe hain.
  • Aapke customers koun hain? Un customers ki detail dijiye jinhone aapke product ya service me ruchhi dikhayi hai. Aur bataiye ki aap new customers ko kaise attract karne ka plan kar rhe hain.
  • Aapki pricing policy kya hai? Alag alag segments ke customers se aap kis tarah charge lenge?
  • Aap apne product ya services ko kaise promote karenge apne sells process methgod ko identify kariye for e.g. direct marketing , advertising, social media etc.
  • Aap apne customers tak kaise puchege? Aap kin channel ka use karege? Apke distribution channel me kin partners ki jarurt phadegi.
  1. Operations:

Apke busines plan me apki premises, production facilities, management information system aur information technology ke bare me jankari honi chaiye.

Apko in chejo pe focus karni chaiye:

Location:

  • Kya apki koi businessproperty hai?
  • Kya aap is property ke malik hai ya rented hai?
  • Apki maujada location ke kya fayde aur nuksaan hai?

     Product aur services ka production:

  • Kya apko apni production facilities ki jarurt hai ya isse outsource karna cheap padhega?
  • Agar apki apni production facilities hai to wo kitni mordern hai?
  • Kya kisi investment ki jarurt padhegi?
  • Apke suppliers koun hoge?

     Management information system:

  • Kya apke pass stock control, management account aur quality control ke liye robust procedures hai?
  • Kya future me expand karne pe ye system upgrade ho sakte hai?

      Information technology:

Ab lagbhag har business me IT ka roll important ho gya hai. Isliye is area me apne strength aur weaknesses ko include kariye. Apne system ki विश्वसनीयता और नियोजित विकास को आउटलाइन करिए।

      Appendix:

Halaki ye jaruri nhi hai. Par aap chahe to businessplan ke last me aap ek appendix bhi add kar sakte hai. Isme pure plan ke supporting documents add kiye jate hai.

For example:

  • Charts , graphs, or tables
  • Venders ke sath apke contract papers
  • Apke license, patents, trademarks, etc
  • Main employee ke CVs
  • Rent agreement, lease agreement, etc
  • Key contacts ki details
  • Etc
  • विश्वसनीयता और नियोजित विकास को आउटलाइन करिए।

APKO YE MERA POST KAISA LAGA. AAP JARUR LIKE KARE COMMENT KARE AUR SHARE KARE. AUR KOI BHI PROBLEM HOTI HAI ISSE REALTED AAP MUJHE MAIL BHI KAR SAKTE AHI.

Mypaisaguru.com

THANKU.

 

 

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *